Sclerotherapy is a minimally invasive procedure used to eradicate unwanted small vessels for the past 150 years. Now, with more advanced technology, Sclerotherapy is safer and more effective.. The procedure consists of an injection of a sclerosant into the vessel, which causes permanent ablation to the vessel, causing it to shrink or to be absorbed by the body. It can be used in conjunction with other modalities.
Sclerotherapy is considered a “ Gold Standard “ for spider vein treatment, and it is also used to treat varicose veins. An irritating substance ( Liquid or Foam ) is injected into small varicose veins or spider veins to cause scarring and clotting of the luman.
Following the completion of the procedure, the area will be wrapped with an elastic bandage to compress the area. Treatment can be repeated every 4-6 weeks.
Causes for the formation of Varicose Veins, and Telangiectasias (Spider Veins): Incompetent Venous Valves result in Venous System Dysfunction, and cause Varicose Veins, and Spider Veins.
30% of the world population has Incompetent Venous Valves. More than 80 million cases in US alone. Greater than 50% of women over age 40 in the US.
Risk Factors for Varicose Veins:
- Genetic/Family History
- Prolonged Standing
- Hormonal Factors
- Liver disease
Treatment of the Varicose Veins & Telangiectasias:
- Treat the underlying cause of the vessel dysfunction, if possible
- Institute Lifestyle changes: Avoid prolonged standing/sitting, Avoid crossing legs when sitting. wearing tight clothes & high heels. Encourage physical activity and weight loss.
- Compression Garment: Stocking (Suppor Pantyhouse; Over the counter or prescription), Wraps
- Sclerotherapy: Foam or liquid to clot the vessel. Repeat 4-6 weeks.
- External Laser Treatment: IPL, Ruby Laser
- Surgical Procedures: Endoscopic Vein Surgery, Phlebotomy & Stripping/Ligation.